Confederates Chose Brazil Over Yankee Occupation

On December 9, 1865, Major Frank McMullan and two other Confederate officers landed at Rio de Janeiro to investigate Brazil as a possible site for a colony of Texas Rebs.

After several setbacks, McMullan returned to Brazil in the spring of 1867 with a group of 154 Texans, who preferred foreign exile over post-Civil War occupation.  McMullan succumbed to tuberculosis later that year, but many of his followers stayed in Brazil and their descendants live there to this day.

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